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Alabama Course of Study: US History to 1877, Grade 10

Below you will find the 2004 version of the ALCOS for Social Studies, grade 10. Beneath each standard are links to web resources that may be useful to you and your students.

  1. Contrast effects of economic, geographic, social, and political conditions before and after European explorations of the fifteenth through seventeenth centuries on Europeans, American colonists, and indigenous Americans.
  2. Compare various early English settlements and colonies on the basis of economics, geography, culture, government, and Native American relations.
    • Acton Public Schools, Acton, MA: Powhatan Indian Village
      Provides basic information about and images pertaining to Powhatan Indians’ village life, culture, celebrations, and survival.
    • History Globe.com: The Jamestown Online Adventure
      Provides an interactive game about the Jamestown settlement.
    • Virtual Jamestown.org
      Digital archive of documents, interactive maps, and teaching activities about the Jamestown settlement and the "Virginia Experiment."
    • Virtual Jamestown Colony
      links to lesson plans on Jamestown, including corporate colonization, development of government, economic matters, organization of society, and broader themes of Jamestown settlement.
    • RACE: The Power of Illusion
      Companion website to PBS documentary with a high-school lesson plan which examines race-based slavery in Jamestown.
    • About.com: Colonial America
      This website contains links to documents about the first settlements, the Declaration of Independence, among other things. It also includes some quizzes, timelines, and articles.
    • Religion in 18th Century America
      Three-lesson unit plan on the Great Awakening and the role of religion in the colonies and early America.
    • Mary Rowlandson
      This website is dedicated to Mary Rowlandson and contains a brief biographical sketch and some links to sources and other sites on Rowlandson’s life and captivity. 
    • 13 Colonies Map Quiz
      This website features a map quiz of the original 13 colonies. Students are tested on their ability to use a compass rose and their knowledge of the location of each colony.
    • A Colonial Family and Community Webquest
      In this webquest from the Henry Ford Museum, students will go back in time and investigate the daily lives of the Daggetts, a colonial family from northeastern Connecticut. They will collect clues to uncover answers to 7 questions about colonial life in the 1700s.
    • Colonial Williamsburg
      The Colonial Williamsburg website has facts and pictures about places, clothing, people, slaves, and other things of colonial interest. It also has an online fieldtrip of Colonial Williamsburg, links to teacher resources, timelines, and libraries.
    • Rare Map Collection-Colonial America
      The website of the Hargrett Library's rare map collection, which contains digitized versions maps of the Americas, from 1625-1744
    • 13 Original Colonies
      This is a website dedicated to information on the original 13 colonies, with facts, activities, and links on colonial history and life.
    • Congress for Kids: The Original Thirteen Colonies
      This website features tests, games, puzzles, web quests, and other activities about the colonies. The activities range from easy to difficult, and there are additional links to pages for the Declaration of Independence, Democracy, and the Articles of Confederation.
    • Social Studies for Kids
      This website allows you to click on the colonies to find out more information about their founding, with links to more information.
    • Poems of Phyllis Wheatley
      Link to an online book of poetry by Phyllis Wheatley, provided by the University of Oregon
    • Master of Life Speaks to the Wolf
      Speech by the Prophet Neolin of the Delaware Indians, which discusses American Indians adopting European customs and accepting their presence.
    • Salem Witch Trials
      Discovery Channel lesson plan for studying the Salem Witch Trials through a discussion of Arthur Miller’s The Crucible.
    • The Salem Witch Trials, 1692
      EyeWitness to History website with a summary of the Salem Witch trials, images, and excerpts from primary sources.
    • Salem Witch Trials: The World Behind the Hysteria
      Discovery Channel interactive website on the Salem Witch Trials
    • Secrets of the Dead
      PBS interactive website on the Salem Witch Trials with summaries and teaching resources.
    • Digital History: The Salem Witchcraft Trials
      Lesson plan for grades 9-12 in which students gather research about the Salem Witchcraft Trials and participate in a mock trial. 
    • African Slave Trade and European Imperialism
      Timeline of the history of slavery from the 15th Century through the early 19th Century. Each section of the timeline contains links to sites that provide primary and secondary source material for the era/date in question.
  3. Trace the chronology of events leading to the American Revolution, including the French and Indian War, the Stamp Act, the Boston Tea Party, the Intolerable Acts, the Battles of Lexington and Concord, the publication of Common Sense, and the Declaration of Independence.
    • Pro-Teacher Lesson Plans
      This is a list of links to websites and lesson plans focusing on the Revolutionary War.
    • Federal Resources for Educational Excellence
      FREE list of resources for studying the American Revolution, and the early years of the nation, from the Library of Congress.
    • The Charters of Freedom
      Interactive website on the documents of the American Revolution and the new government (The Declaration of Independence, Constitution, and Bill of Rights) provided by the National Archives.
    • American War for Independence
      Unit plan for teaching the American Revolution which divides the war into spheres based on geography and chronology: North, South, and Ending the War. It primary sources to examine the battles and politics of the war.
  4. Describe the political system of the United States based on the Constitution and the Bill of Rights.
    • James Madison.com
      A collection of links to external lesson plans for teaching about the Constitution
    • Signers of the Constitution
      National Archives website with biographical information about the signers of the Constitution.
    • Signers Word Search
      An advanced word search on the signers of the Constitution for grades 9-12.
    • National Endowment for the Humanities
      NEH website with ideas for celebrating Constitution Day and resources for classroom activities, including pictures and primary source texts.
    • Teaching With Documents: Observing Constitution Day
      National Archives site on teaching with documents for Constitution Day.  Includes a painting of the signing of the Constitution and links to short biographies of the signers.
    • The Charters of Freedom
      Interactive website on the documents of the American Revolution and the new government (The Declaration of Independence, Constitution, and Bill of Rights) provided by the National Archives.
    • In Congress Assembled
      Unit plan of four lessons which uses primary source documents to teach students about the Constitution, the Bill of Rights, and early issues discussed by Congress in the founding of the United States. Grades 6-12
    • The Constitution: Counter-Revolution or National Salvation?
      Library of Congress Lesson Plan which provides questions for analyzing each article of the Constitution.
    • We the People
      Discovery Channel lesson plan: By gathering images from modern media (newspapers, magazines, television, and/or the Internet) students will show how the meaning of the Preamble is reflected in current American culture
    • The First Political Cartoons
      Archiving Early America's website features the first American political cartoons, with explanations and downloadable images.
    • Benjamin Banneker
      Short biography of Benjamin Banneker from About.com. Includes a photo gallery of scanned images from his almanacs, including a portrait.
    • The L'Enfant and McMillan Plans.
      Brief history of the design plans for Washington, D.C.
    • American Treasures of the LOC
      Provides a picture of L'Enfant's original map and a link to the main online exhibit, with more pictures of early buildings and designs in Washington, D.C.
    • Congressional Pugilists
      Library of Congress political cartoon showing the fight on the floor of Congress between Matthew Lyon and Roger Griswold in 1798.  The image could be used to illustrate the political tensions of the time period and as an exercise in analyzing cartoons.
    • Sparknotes: The Federalist Papers
      Sparknotes page for The Federalist Papers, with summaries, analysis, timelines, biographical information, and study questions pertaining to the various essays.
    • GradeSaver: The Federalist Papers
      Summary and analysis for each of the essays, with a link to the online text of each one. Requires a subscription; however, a few examples are available free of charge.
    • Letters from an American Farmer
      Links to the Letters from the American Farmer. Lengthy, but useful primary source material for higher level secondary courses.
    • The Federalist and Anti-federalist Debates on Diversity and the Extended Republic
      In the unit, students will examine some of the most important arguments of those opposing or supporting the Constitution and the government's interpretation of it. They will learn why Anti-federalists believed that a large nation could not long preserve liberty and self-government and why Federalists such as James Madison believed that a large nation was vital to promote justice and the security of rights for all citizens.
  5. Identify key cases that helped shape the United States Supreme Court, including Marbury versus Madison, McCullough versus Maryland, and Cherokee Nation versus Georgia.
    • Street Law.org
      Website devoted to providing resources to teachers to further the discussion and understanding of major supreme court cases in the classroom.
  6. Describe relations of the United States with Britain and France from 1781 to 1823, including the XYZ Affair, the War of 1812, and the Monroe Doctrine.
    • The War of 1812
      This "1812 experience" is comprised of numerous articles, quality book reviews and offers, extensive links, and the largest collection of War of 1812 images on the internet.
    • Turning Points in History: The War of 1812
      Lesson plan on the War of 1812 in which students are “investigative reporters,” researching primary source documents to learn about specific battles and events. Modifiable for grades 4-12.
    • President Madison's 1812 War Message
      Mini-unit consisting of three lessons which analyze Madison's speech, its context, and its implications. Students read the speech and a variety of other primary source documents which influenced or responded to the speech. Grades 9-12.
    • War Message PDF – President Madison's speech in PDF format, edited and annotated for use in the lesson listed above; however, this document could also be used to supplement another lesson of your own.
    • Thomas H. Warner Letters
      Five of Maryland soldier Thomas H. Warner's letters written during the War of 1812. Scanned images and typed transcriptions are provided for each letter.
    • The Sedition Act
      Series of lesson plans for grades 9-12 which investigates the Sedition Act, the atmosphere of US-French relations, partisan disagreements over the US response to the XYZ affair which led to its passage, and the act's larger consequences.
  7. Describe the development of a distinct culture within the United States between the American Revolution and the Civil War, including the impact of the Second Great Awakening and writings of James Fenimore Cooper, Henry David Thoreau, and Edgar Allan Poe.
    • Beginnings of the Second Great Awakening
      Brief Summaries of historical context and primary source documents for teaching about the Second Great Awakening; includes the Cane Ridge Revival and the Temperance Movement.
    • Religion and the New Republic
      Library of Congress online exhibit outlining the impact of religion on early America. Includes many primary source documents, photographs, etc., as well as descriptive summaries of different groups and practices that emerged during the Second Awakening.
    • Teacher's Guide to Edgar Allan Poe
      National Endowment for the Arts teacher's guide to the stories and poems of Edgar Allan Poe. Includes lessons on specific works and background information on the writer, as well as suggested resources.
    • Teaching Thoreau
      Resources for educators of students from elementary to post-secondary on teaching about Henry David Thoreau and Transcendentalism in America.
    • James Fenimore Cooper Society
      Website with background information on the author, online texts of Cooper's writings, and other teaching resources.
  8. Trace the development of efforts to abolish slavery prior to the Civil War.
    • The Amistad Case
      Background and documents for teaching about the Amistad Case with primary source documents, from the National Archives website.
    • Gilder Lehrman Center for the Study of Slavery, Resistance, and Abolition
      Yale collection of over two hundred online versions of historical documents pertaining to slaver, links to other websites about slavery. A teacher page includes lesson ideas and other resources meant specifically for classroom use.
    • On An Underground Railroad
      History Happens music video which uses historical paintings and lyrics to tell the story of the underground railroad. The "Teacher Support" area includes suggestions for how to use the video in the classroom.
    • Frederick Douglass
      National Parks Service online exhibit on the life of Frederick Douglass and his home, now a museum, in Washington, D.C.
    • Timeline of Abolitionism
      Digital History timeline of abolitionism from 1644 to 1964 in North America.
    • National Underground Railroad Freedom Center
      Website for the National Underground Railroad Freedom Center, with a history of slavery, the underground railroad, lesson plans, and links to other online resources.
    • The Underground Railroad
      National Geographic website that allows students to take an interactive journey on the Underground Railroad.
  9. Summarize major legislation and court decisions from 1800 to 1861 that led to increasing sectionalism, including the Missouri Compromise of 1820, the Compromise of 1850, the Fugitive Slave Act, the Kansas-Nebraska Act, and the Dred Scott decision.
    • Nullification Crisis
      Lesson Plan on the Nullification Crisis which has students examine primary source documents and discuss the justifications for nullification as well as the economic basis for the crisis.
    • The Growing Crisis of Sectionalism in Antebellum America: A House Divided
      Unit Plan covering the Missouri Compromise, Nullification Crisis, slavery versus anti-slavery, the Kansas-Nebraska Act, and the election of Abraham Lincoln, which shows how these events deepen the rift between North and South and culminate in civil war.
  10. Describe how the course, character, and effects of the Civil War influenced the United States.
    • Mr. Lincoln's Virtual Library
      Library of Congress online collection of documents, including speeches, maps, photographs, and other primary source material relevant to Lincoln's presidency. Also includes links to other useful online collections.
    • Lincoln Bicentennial
      Teacher resource page with lesson plans and ideas for all grade levels on the life of Abraham Lincoln.
    • The Civil War for Kids
      Class-made website on the Civil War which includes a timeline, brief biographies, maps, and images of flags, uniforms, and important figures. Also includes several classroom activities.
    • History Place Civil War Timeline
      Timeline of important historical events during the Civil War, beginning with the election of Abraham Lincoln in 1860 and ending with the passage of the 13th Amendment in 1865. Includes photographs and links to more information on various people, battles, and events, etc.
    • The Valley of the Shadow: Two Communities in the Civil War
      University of Virginia collection of newspapers, slave owner contracts, census records, and Freedmen’s Bureau records for Augusta County, Virginia, from the antebellum through postwar periods.
    • The Civil War As Photographed by Mathew Brady
      Lesson Plan and photographs from the National Archives which uses the photographs of Mathew Brady to teach about the Civil War.
    • American Civil War Homepage
      Links to a wealth of resources (primary and secondary) for teaching about the Civil War, including music, images, biographies, etc.
    • A [Union] Soldier's Diary
      Online version of the memoirs, diary, and letters of Civil War Private Jefferson Moses of Illinois.
    • Civil War Maps
      Downloadable images of Maps of Civil War era geography and battlefields from the Rare Maps collection at the University of Georgia.
    • Camp Life
      Online exhibit from the Gettysburg National Military Park which introduces students to Civil War Camp life. Includes an image gallery of photographs and common objects (books, games, equipment) from Civil War camps.
    • Symbols of Honor
      Online exhibit of the various flags used at different times and places during the Civil War.
    • Civil War Medicine
      Brief site on medical technology and advancement during the Civil War, with a few photos and drawings from the era.
    • Teaching With Historic Places
      List of lesson plans for teaching about the Civil War using various sites on the historic register, provided by the National Parks Service. Includes a lesson on the Alabama battle for Mobile Bay at Fort Morgan.
    • Alfred Whital Stern Collection of Lincolniana
      Library of Congress collection which documents the life of Abraham Lincoln. Includes documents by and about Lincoln, photographs, and other items concerning issues relevant to Lincoln's presidency (i.e. slavery, Civil War, reconstruction).
    • Band Music from the Civil War Era
      Scanned sheet music, online recordings, and a historical overview of band music from the Civil War era, from the Library of Congress American Memory Collection.
    • Civil War Treasures
      Collection of photographs, letters, diaries, and posters from the Civil War, collected by the New York Historical Society and made available by the Library of Congress.
    • Civil War Battles by State
      List of all Civil War battles organized by state, with links to more information about each one (including its location, commanders, campaigns, casualties, results, and a paragraph description).
    • Buffalo Soldiers
      Online exhibit from the International Museum of the Horse about the Buffalo Soldiers on the western frontier.
    • The Civil War and Emancipation
      Summary from PBS's Africans in America series which outlines the events that took place during the Civil War which led to the Emancipation Proclamation.
    • Emancipation Proclamation: Featured Document
      National Archives' online images of the five-page original document, with a brief summary of events and links to a transcribed, printer-friendly version.
    • Ben's Guide to the Emancipation Proclamation
      Brief summary of the state of the country when the proclamation was issued, with a map of slave and free states, and links to an online version of the document.
    • The Emancipation Proclamation: Freedom's First Steps
      EDSITEment lesson plan for grades 9-12 in which students read and analyze the Emancipation Proclamation, the reaction of African-Americans, and the significance of the document.
  11. Contrast congressional and presidential reconstruction plans, including African-American political participation.
    • American Experience: Reconstruction
      Companion website to PBS program with many helpful resources for learning about Reconstruction, including primary sources, interactive maps, and a teaching guide.
    • Andrew Johnson 
      Documents on Andrew Johnson impeachment from Harper's Weekly which includes political cartoons, a simulation game, and links to primary source documents, etc.
    • Resources on Impeachment 
      Documents on impeachment from Auburn University in PDF format, which offer information about the process of impeachment in general, as well as information about Andrew Johnson, Richard Nixon, and Bill Clinton.
    • Research Guide on Impeachment
      A comprehensive site provided by the LOC's American Memory Project which provides historical background information and external links to commentary, government documents, indexes, and guides on impeachment.
    • The Battle over Reconstruction
      This curriculum unit of three lessons examines the social, political and economic conditions of the southern states in the aftermath of the Civil War and shows how these factors helped to shape the Reconstruction debate as well as the subsequent history of American race relations.
Teaching American History Program | The University of Alabama
McLure Library Box 870266 Tuscaloosa, AL 35487-0266